The Government established the Rural Electrification Programme (REP) in 1973 for purposes of subsidizing electricity supply in the rural areas for purposes of supporting the socio-economic development of the country.

The Government established the Rural Electrification Programme (REP) in 1973 for purposes of subsidizing electricity supply in the rural areas for purposes of supporting the socio-economic development of the country.

During the same year (1973) the Government entered into an agreement with the then East African Power and Lighting Company (EAPL), now the Kenya Power (KP). Under the agreement, KP was appointed as a contractor for planning, implementation, operation and maintenance of rural electrification projects under the programme. The Government through the Ministry of Energy took responsibility for sourcing of funds and coordinating implementation of the programme.

By 2002, the programme had achieved little coverage despite having been in place for more than thirty (30 years) as only about 4% of the rural population in Kenya had electricity supply in their homes. Due to the low connectivity, the Government through the Economic Recovery Strategy of 2003 and Sessional Paper No.4 of 2004 on Energy undertook to create a special purpose agency to enhance rural electrification in the country. Rural Electrification Authority (REA) was then created in 2006 through the Energy Act of 2006 and became operational in 2007.

In 2019, the Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Corporation (REREC) was established as the successor of the Rural Electrification Authority (REA) through the Energy Act, 2019. Under the new dispensation, REREC has an expanded mandate of spearheading Kenya’s renewable energy drive, in addition to implementing rural electrification projects.

REREC’s expanded mandate will enable the Corporation to promote and develop Kenya’s abundant renewable energy resource. Investment in renewable energy generation will also bring about diversification in Kenyan energy generation sources to meet the ever increasing energy needs of the country. This will also ensure that Kenyans can access clean, sustainable, affordable, reliable and competitively priced electricity.

 

Under section 44(1) of the Energy Act 2019, REREC is mandated to undertake the following functions:

  1. Oversee the implementation of the Rural Electrification Programme;

  2. Manage the Rural Electrification Programme Fund established under section 143;

  3. Source additional funds for the Rural Electrification Programme and renewable energy;

  4. Develop and update the rural electrification master plans in consultation with County Governments;

  5. Develop and update the renewable energy master plan taking into account county specific needs and the principle of equity in the development of renewable energy resources;

  6. Support the establishment of energy centres in the counties; 

  7. Establish framework for collaboration with County Governments in the discharge of its mandate;

  8. Undertake on-farm and on station demonstration of wood-fuel species, seedling production and management; 

  9. Undertake feasibility studies and maintain data with a view to availing the same to developers of renewable energy resources;

  10. Develop, promote and manage in collaboration with other agencies, the use of renewable energy and technologies, including but not limited to biomass (biodiesel, bio-ethanol, charcoal, fuel-wood, bio-gas) municipal waste, solar, wind, tidal waves, small hydropower and co-generation but excluding geothermal;

  11. Formulate, in conjunction with the Agency, a national strategy for coordinating research in renewable energy;

  12. Undertake, in conjunction with the Agency, research, development and dissemination of appropriate renewable energy technologies;

  13. Provide an enabling framework for the efficient and sustainable production, conversion, distribution, marketing and utilization of biomass, solar, wind, small hydros, municipal waste;

  14. Promote, in conjunction with the agency responsible for forests, the use of fast maturing trees for energy production including bio-fuels and the establishment of commercial woodlots including peri-urban plantations;

  15. Promote, in collaboration with other agencies, the development of appropriate local capacity for the manufacture, installation, maintenance and operation of renewable technologies such as bio-digesters, solar systems, turbines and other renewable energy technologies;

    Promote international co-operation programmes focusing on renewable energy sources;

  16. Harness opportunities offered under clean development mechanism and other mechanisms including, but not limited to, carbon credit trading to promote the development and exploitation of renewable energy sources;

  17. Promote the development of electricity generation through co-generation by sugar millers;

    Provide technical and other capacity building support to County Governments in the discharge of the function of electricity reticulation and energy regulation; and

  18. Undertake any other duty or perform such other function as may be necessary for the execution of its mandate under this Act.

Rural Electrification work is guided by 5year strategic plans. The first strategic plan for REA was in line with the Government’s development plan under Vision 2030. Under this plan, focus was on electrification of public facilities, with the main ones being primary and secondary schools, health centres and market centres. Others are polytechnics, community water points, tea and coffee buying centres, and government facilities.

Under the second strategic plan for the period 2016/17 – 2020/21, focus is on development and promotion of renewable energy and also connecting the remaining public facilities and households in the vicinity of these facilities.

DLP is a programme borne out of the Government of Kenya’s vision to make sure every pupil is prepared for today’s digital world, and to transform learning in Kenya into a 21st century education system.

The digital literacy programme in Primary Schools took over four years to plan and implement. To support this program, REREC has provided electricity supply infrastructure and electrified over 20,000 primary schools.

REREC installs transformers in public facilities and connects by installation of service cable drops to households that have met all the relevant requirements and are within a 600-meter radius from the installed transformer. Kenya Power then undertakes metering, billing and maintenance of the infrastructure.  The mandate of the REREC does not include installation of electricity meters.

REREC and Kenya Power have distinct mandates that complement each other. RERECs mandate is to spearhead Kenya’s renewable energy drive, in addition to implementing rural electrification projects to accelerate the pace of rural electrification in order to promote sustainable socio-economic development. The electrification projects are then inspected and commissioned jointly with Kenya Power who then undertake the metering, billing and management of the infrastructure.

Over the years, the Government through the Ministry of Energy has been funding the rural electrification program. This has benefited communities in the areas of education, health, entrepreneurship, employment, communication, housing and agricultural development.

  1. Education: For schools, electrification has resulted in the uptake of ICT and use of modern learning methods, thereby improving the competitiveness of rural schools in attracting qualified teachers as well as improving their performance. These schools are now able to undertake flexible study hours and also provide boarding facilities for their pupils. Overall, electrification has enhanced the quality of education in rural schools.
  1. Health: Electrification of health facilities has enabled improved health care as facilities can now be fitted with modern equipment and can operate for longer hours. This also brings health services closer to the people because they will no longer have to walk long distances to access health care.
  2. Employment: Availability of electricity in rural trading centers has enabled startups and powered SMEs thus enabling growth of income generating activities such as the Jua kali sector thereby providing employment opportunities. These leads to financial empowerment and reduction in rural urban migration.
  3. Connected households: Rural electrification has improved standards of living among connected households. This has also enhanced communication through improved information flow and use of modern equipment.
  4. Agriculture: Rural electrification has enabled mechanized farming methods for improved food security. This includes implementation of crop irrigation, milk cooling and processing centers, coffee and tea buying centers amongst others.
  5. Enhanced Security: In electrified areas there has been a marked improvement of security.

The corporation collaborates with the County Governments to jointly fund, plan and implement electrification projects within the Counties. The County Governments submit to REREC the areas that they would like the projects implemented. REREC then designs the project, determines cost and sites for implementation.

Grid extension in rural areas that are served by the national grid network.

Off grid supply has mainly been undertaken through diesel generating stations and solar PVs for public facilities. Due to the high operation and maintenance costs for diesel power stations in Kenya, REREC has opted to exploit Kenya’s abundant renewable energy resource by shifting to renewable energy generation in the off-grid areas. This will ensure that Kenyans can access clean, sustainable, affordable, reliable and competitively priced electricity.

Identification of Projects
REREC maintains a database of all public facilities across the country. Every financial year, funds received are allocated per constituency using the CDF formulae. The projects to be undertaken each year are determined by funds allocated.

Project Survey & Designs
After the projects are identified for implementation, they are surveyed and designed.

Acquisition of Way leaves consent
In the process of survey and design wayleaves consent is acquired from the various landowners.

Construction of Projects
Projects are then awarded to a contractor for purposes of undertaking construction.

Inspection & Certification by REREC Supervisor
After the contractor completes construction. A REREC supervisor conducts project inspection and certification.

Joint Inspection with Kenya Power & Commissioning
The final project inspection is undertaken jointly between REREC and Kenya Power before commissioning. The project is then handed over to Kenya Power.

Maintenance of the Projects
REREC has signed a Service Level Agreement with Kenya Power which provides for a six month liability period whereby REREC is responsible for maintenance of its projects until six months after commissioning. After the six month liability period, all maintenance issues become the responsibility of Kenya Power.

The beneficiaries of any project are those that are within 600m radius from the installed transformer. For connection, please visit your nearest Kenya Power Office

Below are the regions and locations of our offices:

Rift Valley Regional Office

Giddo Plaza, Room No. 29, Goerge Morara Rd.

P.o. Box 16662 – 20100

Nakuru

Nyanza Regional Office

Kondele (carwash) - Kibos road

P.o. Box 2604- 40100

Kisumu

Mt. Kenya Regional Office

Advocate plaza, 1st floor

off Kamakwa Road,

P.o. Box 1970

Nyeri

West Kenya Regional Office

Kiptagich House, 9th floor,

off Uganda Road

P.o.Box 3015- 30100

Eldoret

Coast Regional Office

Approximately 5Km from Mariakani Town,

Next to Kibanda Hasara Trading Centre

Mariakani,

P.o Box 505

Mombasa

N/B: REA has deployed 47 supervisors to supervise its projects in each county.


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CONTACT US

Rural Electrification & Renewable Energy Corporation, 

Kawi Complex, South C,

P. O. Box 34585 – 00100,

Nairobi, Kenya.

Reach Us

Hotline Numbers

(+254) 709193000 /3600

info@rea.co.ke , complaint@rerec.co.ke